Suppose you want to find and replace a string in SAS. You can do this with the TRANWRD function. The text string can be a word, a phrase, or just a simple character. The syntax of the TRANWRD function is:
TRANWRD(input variable, target, replacement)
For example, you have a SAS data set with street names and you want to create a new variable where the word Street has been replaced by Avenue. You can use the following code:
TRANWRD(address, ‘Street’, ‘Avenue’)
As you can see in row 5, the word STREET is not replaced by Avenue because the TRANWRD function is case sensitive. The code that has been used to create this example is:
data work.ds; input address $1-20; datalines; Lombard Street Abbey Road Fifth Avenue Beale Street DOWNING STREET Bourbon Street Kings Road ; run; data work.ds_tranwrd; set work.ds; address_tranwrd=tranwrd(address, 'Street', 'Avenue'); run;
However, if you don’t want to find and replace a string in SAS, but only want to check if a string contains a substring you can use the FIND function. Click here for the official SAS documentation of the TRANWRD function.